Battle of Buxar

The battle of Buxar was fought between the joint forces of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Sujuddaula of Awadh and the Mughal ruler Shah Alam II and the British. It was this decisive war that established the British as the ruler of India for the next two hundred years. This war was the result of misuse of decrees and knocks by the British and their expansionary business aspirations. The Carnatic War fought between the British and the French, the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar started the period of British success in India.

On 22 October 1764, the United Indian Army was defeated in the battle of Buxar. The Battle of Buxar proved to be an epoch-making event in Indian history. In 1765 AD, Suja-ud-daulah and Shah Alam signed a treaty with Company Governor Clive in Allahabad. Under this treaty, the company was given the civil rights of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, which authorized the company to recover revenue from these areas. The company took the area of ​​Kada and Allahabad from the Nawab of Awadh and handed over to the Mughal ruler. Which was now residing in Allahabad under the patronage of the British Army. The company promised to pay 26 lakh rupees per year to the Mughal ruler but only after a short time by the company It was closed. The company promised to provide military support to the Nawab against any attack but the Nawab would have to pay for it. So the Nawab of Awadh depended on the company. Meanwhile, Mir Jafar was again made the Nawab of Bengal. After his death, his son was placed on the throne of the Nawab. The officers of the company personally made a lot of profit by extracting money from the Nawab.

Events responsible for war                                               

    Abuse and decree by the British, which challenged the authority and sovereignty of Mir Qasim

    Abolition of all charges on internal trade of British

    Misconduct of company employees: They forced Indian artisans, farmers and traders to sell their goods cheaply and also started the tradition of taking bribes and gifts.

    The British behaved like robbers who not only violated the rules of trade but also challenged the authority of the Nawab.

The conclusion

The battle of Buxar proved to be an epoch-making event in Indian history. The British were more interested in the three coastal regions of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. The Carnatic Wars fought between the British and the French, the Battle of Plassey and the Battle of Buxar marked the beginning of British success in India. By 1765, the British became the de facto rulers of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. The Nawabs of Awadh and Karnataka (whom he made the Nawabs) depended on them.

Akash Sangule

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