The Jallianwala Bagh massacre exposed the inhuman face of the British. British soldiers opened fire on the unarmed crowd gathered at an almost closed field gathering, without warning, on the orders of General Dyer as they were holding public meetings despite the ban. On 13 April 1919, this mob gathered here was protesting against the arrest of two national leaders – Satyapal and Dr. Saifuddin Kichlu. Suddenly, British military officer General Dyer ordered his troops to fire at the unarmed mob, without a chance to disperse, and the shots continued for 10 minutes or so until they were exhausted.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Date

There are some dates in Indian history that can never be forgotten. 13 April 1919 is one of the dates which brings out the inhuman face of the British.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre Facts

It was on 13 April 1919 that British troops fired blind shots at General Dyer’s orders, without warning, at a gathering of unarmed crowds of a public gathering in a restricted ground. This public meeting was taking place in Jallianwala Bagh, hence it is also called Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. The public meeting was organized by an Indian named Hansraj and with his support, the conspiracy was hatched.

On 13 April, this mob gathered here was protesting against the arrest of two national leaders – Satyapal and Dr. Saifuddin Kichlu. Suddenly, British military officer General Dyer ordered his troops to fire at the unarmed mob, without a chance to disperse, and the shots continued for 10 minutes or so until they were exhausted. In these 10 minutes, (according to the calculations of the Congress) one thousand people were killed and about two thousand people were injured. The bullet marks can still be seen in the Jallianwala Bagh, which has now been declared a national monument. The massacre was pre-planned and General Dyer proudly declared that he had done such a lesson to teach and that he would have killed them all if they had continued the gathering. He was not ashamed of his actions. When he went to England, some British collected donations to welcome him. While some others were surprised by this heinous act of Dyer and demanded an investigation. A British newspaper called it the bloodiest massacre in modern history.

21 years later, on 13 March 1940, Udham Singh, a revolutionary Indian, shot and killed Michael O Dyer as he was the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab at the time of the Jallianwala massacre. The massacre enraged the Indian people, which the government again had to resort to vandalism to suppress. The people of Punjab were tortured, kept in open cages and showered with whips. Newspapers were banned and their editors were either imprisoned or deported. A kingdom of terror, as it was born during the suppression of the Revolt of 1857, was widespread. Rabindranath Tagore returned the title of Knighthood conferred on him by the British. This massacre proved to be a turning point in the history of the Indian freedom struggle.

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre UPSC

There was no official data on the number of deaths during the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. But the Deputy Commissioner Office of Amritsar has a list of 484 martyrs, while Jallianwala Bagh lists a total of 388 martyrs. Records of the British Raj admit 200 people were injured and 379 were martyred in the incident, of which 337 were men, 41 minor boys and one 6-week-old baby. According to unofficial statistics, more than 1000 people were killed and more than 2000 were injured.

Records of the British Raj admit 200 people were injured and 379 were martyred in the incident, of which 337 were men, 41 minor boys and one 6-week-old baby. According to unofficial statistics, more than 1000 people were killed and more than 2000 were injured.

Question also Answered

jallianwala bagh massacre

jallianwala bagh massacre date

jallianwala bagh massacre facts

jallianwala bagh massacre in hindi

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *