Madhubani painting is one of the most famous arts in India and abroad. The style of this painting is still used in some parts of Bihar, especially in Mithila. In this article, we will study about the history of Madhubani painting, how it became famous in the world, what is its specialty, etc.
India is a country of creativity, art and culture. Madhubani painting is one of the most famous arts in India and abroad. The style of this painting is still used in some parts of Bihar, especially Mithila. Since the style of this painting originated in Mithila region, it is also known as Mithila paintings. This unique style of these arts was used by women to decorate their homes and doors to get the blessings of God in the form of prosperity and peace. Madhubani will learn about art through this article.
10 unknown and interesting facts about Madhubani painting
1. Madhubani is a district in Bihar, which means honey forest. This painting is local art of Madhubani district, hence its name read Madhubani painting. This art portrays nature and mythology depicting various events like marriage and the cycle of birth. Originally, lotus flower, bamboo, bird, snake etc. artifacts are also found in these paintings. These images are depicted as representing reproduction and spread of birth.
2. Madhubani paintings are generally based on images of Lord Krishna and religious themes such as scenes from Lord Krishna, Ramayana. According to history, this art originated in the Ramayana era, when on the occasion of Sita’s marriage, her father Raja Janak organized a large number of artists to decorate the entire kingdom with this unique art.
3. Madhubani paintings are painted with natural colors, in which cow dung and mud are used to improve these paintings in the walls. Artists used only natural colors in their art, including turmeric, pollen, or chose blue and blue with indigo. The juice of safflower flower was used for red color, sandalwood or rose. Similarly, we can say that the artists also used various natural materials for their color needs, which reflects a unique art in themselves. Originally these paintings were done on the wall of the huts, but now it is also done on cloth, hand made paper and canvas.
4. How Madhubani paintings were discovered: Before 1930, no one outside of Madhubani region knew this rare decorative traditional art. Bihar suffered a major earthquake in 1934. William G. Archer, a British official from Madhubani region who was very fond of Indian art and culture, noticed this unique art on the damaged walls of Madhubani during inspection.
Important facts about the Academy of Fine Arts
5. Madhubani paintings are of two types – murals and aripan. Mural painting is done exclusively on the walls made of clay at three places in the house: the family god / goddess, the newly married couple (Kohbar) room and the drawing room. Aripan (Alpana) is an art made by drawing lines on the floor to depict lotuses, feet, etc. Aripan is performed on certain rituals such as Puja, Vrata, and Sanskar.
6. The painting is done on the outer and inner walls of the rooms and on Marba, in marriage, Upanayana (holy threading ceremony) and festivals like Deepawali etc. on some auspicious occasions. Sun and moon are also depicted as it is believed that they bring prosperity and happiness in the family.
7. This painting plays an important role in preventing deforestation. It is a fact about this amazing art that makes these paintings unique. Madhubani artists use Madhubani paintings to prevent trees from being cut down. Madhubani art is not only for decoration because most of these paintings depict Hindu deities. Artists make pictures of Hindu deities on trees, due to which people stop cutting trees or they have stopped cutting trees.
8. This traditional Madhubani art was practiced by women living in rural areas of Bihar. But today, things have changed and now this style is not only popular among the people of India, but also among the people of other countries, especially America and Japan. During traditional times, this type of painting was done on clay walls with fresh plaster. Now, it is done on Madhubani painting on canvas, cushions, paper or even cloth. Now people are doing Madhubani artwork on utensils and even bangles.
9. There is also an international demand for Madhubani paintings. People of Japan are very familiar with Madhubani art of India and it is famous and appreciated in many other countries. A ‘Mithila Museum’ is the brainchild of Tokio Hasegawa, located in the Tokamachi Hills in Niigata Province, Japan, which houses a treasure trove of 15,000 exquisite, unique and rare Madhubani paintings.
10. Organizations dedicated to this art: There are many organizations working in support of this rare art of India. There are several exclusive galleries in India and abroad with a collection of Madhubani paintings. In Bangalore, Delhi and Bihar, many non-profit organizations are working with and helping Madhubani artists.
Mithila Kala Sansthan (MAI), an independent art school in Madhubani city, was established in January 2003 by EAF for the development of Madhubani paintings and training of young artists.
Mithilasimita is an organization based in Bengaluru, India, an organization formed by some entrepreneurs.
Madhubani art is known from the above article and now this art is becoming famous not only in India but also in the whole world.