Jagran, starting with the reform of some aspects of social and religious life, influenced all aspects of the social, economic, cultural and political life of the country over time. Some European and Indian scholars started studying ancient Indian philosophy, science, religion and literature in the late 18th century. Through this study, Indians became familiar with their ancient Indian knowledge, which awakened in them a sense of pride for their civilization.
The awakening, which began with the reform of certain aspects of social and religious life, influenced all aspects of the social, economic, cultural and political life of the country over time. Started studying science, religion and literature. Through this study, Indians became familiar with their ancient Indian knowledge, which awakened in them a sense of pride for their civilization.
It also supported the reformers in their social and religious reforms. He used the knowledge of ancient Indian texts to create public opinion in his struggle against social stereotypes, superstitions and inhuman practices and traditions. While doing so, most of them resorted to logic in place of faith and faith. Therefore, Indian social and religious reformers used western knowledge to achieve their objectives and on the other hand gave importance to ancient Indian ideas.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy : Social
Raja Rammohun Roy was born, possibly in 1772 AD, to a wealthy family in Bengal. He received traditional Sanskrit education in Benares and knowledge of Parsi and Arabic in Patna. Later he also learned English, Greek and Hebrew languages. He was also knowledgeable in French and Latin. He had studied deeply not only Hindu but also Islam, Christianity and Judaism. He wrote several books in Sanskrit, Bengali, Hindi, Parsi and English. He also brought out two newspapers, one in Bengali and one in Parsi language. The Mughal rulers conferred upon him the title of ‘King’ and sent him to England as their messenger.
He reached England in 1831 AD and died there in 1833. He was an advocate of English education in India and believed that knowledge of English is necessary for the spread of the Renaissance and for the education of science. He was a strong advocate of freedom of the press and for this reason he also launched a movement to remove the restrictions on the press.
Raja Rammohun Roy believed that it is necessary to familiarize people with the knowledge of the original texts of that religion in order to remove the evil that has entered Hinduism and for its purification. To achieve this objective, he did the difficult work of translating Vedas and Upanishads into Bengali language.
He was a supporter of a universal religion that was based on the principle of a supreme authority. He opposed idolatry and superstitions and hypocrisies.
His biggest contribution in the field of religious reforms was his establishment of Brahmo Samaj in 1928, which was the first important organization established under the religious reform movement. He opposed idolatry and irrational superstitions and hypocrisies. Members of the Brahm Samaj were against attacks on any religion.
The biggest contribution of the Brahmo Samaj under social reforms was the abolition of the Sati system in 1829 AD. He saw how his elder brother’s wife was forced to become Sati. He also faced intense opposition from orthodox Hindus for opposing Sati. According to Rammohun Roy, the predominant cause of Sati practice was the extremely low status of Hindu women. He was against polygamy and favored educating women and giving them the right to inherit ancestral property.
The influence of Brahmo society increased and Brahman Samaj branches opened in different parts of the country. The two important leaders of the Brahmo Samaj were Devendranath Tagore and Keshavchandra Sen. Keshav Chandra Sen traveled to Madras and Bombay Presidency to spread the message of Brahmo Samaj and later also to North India.
In 1866 AD, the Brahmo Samaj was divided because the ideas of Keshav Chandra Sen were more revolutionary and radical than the ideas of the original Brahmo Samaj. They were in favor of freedom from the bondage of caste and customs and authority of religious texts. He advocated inter-caste marriages and widow remarriage and also conducted many such marriages, opposed the veils and criticized the caste-based division. He attacked caste-hardness, started eating at the so-called Hindu lower castes and other religions, opposed the restrictions on food, devoted his entire life to the spread of education and prohibited sea voyages such as Opposed the old Hindu ideas. This movement inspired many similar reform-movements in other parts of the country as well. Effect of ups grew while the other group, which was not made them much more social reforms, has collapsed.
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