The Simon Commission was formed under the leadership of Sir John Simon to examine the functioning of the constitutional system in India and suggest changes in it. And a Liberal member was involved. None of the members of the commission were Indians. That is why his arrival in India was welcomed with the slogan ‘Go back to Simon’. To calm the protest, Viceroy Lord Irwin announced India ‘Dominion’ status in October 1929.
The peace that had prevailed in India since 1922 was broken in 1927. This year the British Government formed the Simon Commission under the leadership of Sir John Simon to examine the functioning of the Indian Governance Act-1919 in India and suggestions for improvement in administration This commission was known as the Simon Commission in the name of its chairman Sir John Simon. Its appointment was a shock to the Indian people because all its members There were British and not a single Indian member was included in it. The government did not show any inclination towards the demand for Swaraj. The structure of the commission proved true to the doubts of the Indians. The appointment of the Commission led to protests across India Ran like a wave.
In 1927, the annual session of the Congress was held in Madras, in which it was decided to boycott the Commission. The Muslim League also boycotted it. The Commission reached India on 3 February 1928 and on this day a strike was organized in whole of India. After noon, to condemn the formation of the Commission, meetings were held all over India and declared that the people of India had nothing to do with this Commission. Madras In these, the protesters were fired on and lathi-charged in many other places. Wherever the commission went, it faced protests and strikes. The central legislature decided by majority that it had nothing to do with this commission. The whole of India was echoing with the slogan ‘Go back to Simon’.
The police resorted to repressive measures and thousands of people were beaten up. During these protests Lala Lajpat Rai, a great leader known as Sher-e-Punjab was brutally beaten by the police. He died due to injuries inflicted by the police. Nehru and Govind Ballabh Pant also had to eat police sticks in Lucknow. The beating of these sticks made Govind Ballabh Pant crippled for life.
During the Simon Commission protests, the Indians once again demonstrated that they are united and steadfast in freedom. They have now prepared themselves for a major struggle. A resolution was passed in the Congress session held in Madras under the chairmanship of M.A. Ansari and declared the attainment of complete independence as the goal of the people of India. This motion was submitted by Nehru and S. Satyamurthy supported it In the meantime, an organization called the Indian Independence League was established to firmly represent the demand for complete independence. | League led by leaders like Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose and his elder brother Sarat Chandra Bose, Srinivasa Iyengar, satyamurti |
The Congress Conference was held in Calcutta under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru in December 1928. In this conference Jawaharlal Nehru, Subhash Chandra Bose and many other leaders pressured the Congress to demand complete independence, but the Congress demanded Dominion status. Passed resolution related to which was less than full independence. But it was declared that if Dominion status was not conferred on India within a year, the Congress would demand complete independence and would also organize a mass movement to achieve it. During the whole year of 1929, the Indian Independence League had complete independence. Prepared people through rallies for the demand of the people. By the time the next annual session of the Congress is held, the thinking of the people Riwartn had come.
The Simon Commission was formed under the leadership of Sir John Simon to examine the functioning of the constitutional system in India and suggest changes in it. And a Liberal member was involved. None of the members of the commission were Indians. That is why his arrival in India was welcomed with the slogan ‘Go back to Simon’. To calm the protest, Viceroy Lord Irwin announced India ‘Dominion’ status in October 1929 and it was also announced to hold round table conferences to discuss the future constitution.
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